Walled Enclosure

It is the walled enclosure which is best well-conserved in Catalonia

22/02/2017

Construction:
14th  century


Characteristics:

It has a perimeter of 1500 metres, with thirty-two towers. It is made with stone, mortar and mud wall in some places. But,  the corners of the  towers are made with blocks of stone. The enclosure consists of four sections and in ancient times there were only four porches situated according to the Cardinal points:  the porch of  Sant Antoni, the porch of  Sant Francesc, Sant Jordi tower porch and Bové tower porch. The towers have a rectangular base, and have three sides covered, remaining the interior uncovered. Exceptionally there is one with a pentagonal base, the Five-Cornered tower. As a defensive method they used the loopholes, the raising doors placed between the battlements and in some cases they also used the fawns.
 
History:

It was constructed following the process of fortifications of the most important towns ordered by the king Pere III el Cerimoniós because of the war against the Castilian king Pedro el Cruel. The people in Montblanc and the towns around took part in its construction. Because of the numerous warlike disputes in the town from the 15th to the 18th century, the enclosure lost its defensive character and the town authorities decided to rent the towers and the moats to pasture the animals. The construction of buildings using the walls left the enclosure in very bad conditions. In 1971 it began the restoration.

Visit:
The outer part, Baluard of Santa Anna, Sant Jordi city wall and Sant Francesc city wall. With the gastronomic visit you will be able to enter in two towers. In July and August, visit the walls from 11am to 2pm

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